Second Grade – Language Arts


WORD ANALYSIS – Students will use phonetic analysis to read, write, and spell grade level text.

LA 2.1.3.a Use knowledge of letter/sound correspondence and spelling patterns to read, write, and spell (e.g., consonant digraphs [th, wh, sh, ch, tch, ph] and vowel digraphs [ai, ay, ee, ea, ie, oa], diphthongs [io, oy, ow, ou], r-controlled vowel sounds [ar, or, ore, er, ir, ur], consonant pairs [nd, mp, ng, nk, ck)

LA 2.1.3.b Read, write, and spell sight words

LA 2.1.3.c Blend sounds to form words

LA 2.1.3.d Read words in connected text

LA 2.1.3.e Use word structure to read text (e.g., onset and rime, prefixes/suffixes [-er, -est, -ly, -ful, -tion, -ture, -er], compound words, contractions, syllabication, derivation)

FLUENCY – Students will develop accuracy, phrasing, and expression while reading grade level text.

LA 2.1.4.a Read phrases, clauses, and sentences that sound like natural language to support comprehension

LA 2.1.4.b Read high-frequency words and phrases accurately and automatically

LA 2.1.4.c Vary voice intonation (e.g., volume, tone) to reflect meaning of text

LA 2.1.4.d Use appropriate pace while reading to gain and enhance the meaning of text (58-124 words correct per minute)

LA 2.1.4e Read grade level texts with 94% accuracy or better

VOCABULARY – Students will build literary, general academic, and content specific grade level vocabulary. (Indicators marked with * are tested on NeSA-R)

*LA 2.1.5.a Use word structure elements, known words, and word patterns to determine meaning (e.g., contractions, plurals, possessives, basic parts of speech-[nouns, verbs, adjectives], compounds, syllables)

LA 2.1.5.b Relate new grade level vocabulary to prior knowledge and use in new situations

*LA 2.1.5.c Identify and use context clues (e.g., word and sentence clues, re-reading) and text features (e.g., illustrations, graphs, titles, bold print) to help infer meaning of unknown words

*LA 2.1.5.d Identify semantic relationships (e.g., patterns and categories, synonyms, antonyms, multiple meanings)

LA 2.1.5.e Identify meaning using print and digital reference materials (e.g., dictionary, glossary)

LA 2.1.5.f Locate words in reference materials (e.g., alphabetical order, guide words)

COMPREHENSION – Students will extract and construct meaning using prior knowledge, applying text information, and monitoring comprehension while reading grade level text. (Indicators marked with * are tested on NeSA-R)

*LA 2.1.6.a Identify author’s purpose(s) (e.g., explain, entertain, inform, persuade) to support text comprehension

*LA 2.1.6.b Identify elements of narrative text (e.g., characters, setting, plot)

*LA 2.1.6.c Retell information from narrative text including characters, setting, and plot

*LA 2.1.6.d Explain the ways authors use words (e.g., rhythm, repeating line, simile, alliteration, onomatopoeia)

*LA 2.1.6.e Retell and summarize the main idea from informational text

*LA 2.1.6.f Identify organizational patterns found in informational text (e.g., sequence, description, compare/contrast)

*LA 2.1.6.g Use text features to locate information and gain meaning from a text (e.g., table of contents, maps, charts, illustrations, titles, bold print, captions)

*LA 2.1.6.h Identify the basic characteristics of familiar narrative and informational text genres (e.g., fairy tales, nursery rhymes, picture books, how-to books)

LA 2.1.6.i Compare and contrast connections between characters or events in narrative or informational text, to own life or other cultures

*LA 2.1.6.j Generate and/or answer literal, inferential, and critical questions, supporting answers using prior knowledge and literal and inferential information from the text

LA 2.1.6.k Identify and explain purpose for reading (e.g., information, pleasure, understanding)

LA 2.1.6.l Build and activate prior knowledge in order to identify text to self, text to text, and text to world connections before, during, and after reading

LA 2.1.6.m Self-monitor comprehension by applying appropriate strategies to self-correct when errors detract from meaning

LA 2.1.6.n Make and confirm/modify predictions before, during, and after reading(e.g., illustrations, personal experience, events, character traits)

LA 2.1.6.o Respond to text verbally, in writing, or artistically


WRITING PROCESS Students will apply the writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit and publish writing using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and other standard conventions appropriate for grade level.

LA 2.2.1.a Use prewriting activities and inquiry tools to generate ideas (e.g., brainstorm, map, free write, graphic organizer)

LA 2.2.1.b Generate a draft by:

  • -Selecting and organizing ideas relevant to topic, purpose, and genre
  • -Composing complete sentences of varying length, and complexity, and type (e.g., dictation, labeling, simple sentences declarative, interrogative, exclamatory)
  • -Developing a coherent beginning and end

LA 2.2.1.c Revise to improve writing (e.g., quality of ideas, organization, sentence fluency, word choice, voice)

LA 2.2.1.d Provide oral feedback to other writers; utilize others’ feedback to improve own writing

LA 2.2.1.e Edit writing for format and conventions (e.g., spelling, capitalization, grammar, basic punctuation)

LA 2.2.1.f Publish a legible document (e.g., handwritten or electronic)

LA 2.2.1.g Print legibly (e.g., letter formation, letter size, spacing, alignment)

WRITING GENRES – Students will write for a variety of purposes and audiences in multiple genres.

LA 2.2.2.a Write for a specific purpose (e.g., story with pictures, factual book, alphabet book, poem, letter)

LA 2.2.2.b Write to known audience or specific reader (e.g. letter to familiar person, talking buddy)

LA 2.2.2.c Write considering typical characteristics of a selected genre (personal narrative, descriptive writing, friendly letter, research report, how to book, poetry)

LA 2.2.2.d Apply an organizational structure that includes a central idea or focus

LA 2.2.2.e Compare models and examples (own and others) of various genres to create a similar piece


SPEAKING SKILLS – Students will develop and demonstrate speaking skills to communicate key ideas in a variety of situations.

LA 2.3.1.a Communicate ideas orally in a manner appropriate for the purpose and setting (e.g., language, word choice, sequence, relevance)

LA 2.3.1.b Demonstrate speaking techniques for a variety of purposes and situations

LISTENING SKILLS – Students will develop and demonstrate active listening skills across a variety of situations.

LA 2.3.2.a Demonstrate listening skills needed for multiple situations and modalities (e.g., electronic, one-to-one, small/large group, teacher presentation)

LA 2.3.2.b Use information in order to complete a task (e.g., follow multi-step directions, responding to questions)

LA 2.3.2.c Listen and retell specific details of information heard

LA 2.3.2.d Listen to and ask questions about thoughts, ideas, and information being communicated

RECIPROCAL COMMUNICATION – Students will develop reciprocal communication skills.

LA 2.3.3.a Demonstrate awareness of and sensitivity to the use of words (e.g., helpful and hurtful words, stereotypes, multiple meanings of words)

LA 2.3.3.b Apply conversation strategies (e.g., face the speaker, listen while others are talking, take turns talking, eye contact, stay on topic, non-verbal cues)

LA 2.3.3.c Participate actively with others in learning situations by contributing questions, information, opinions, and ideas (e.g., book share, literature circle, field trip share, cooperative problem solving)

MULTIPLE LITERACIES – Students will research, summarize, and communicate information in a variety of media and formats (textual, visual, and digital).

LA 2.4.1.a Use resources to answer guiding questions (e.g., print, electronic)

LA 2.4.1.b Discuss ethical and legal use of information

LA 2.4.1.c Practice safe behaviors when communicating and interacting with others (e.g., safe information to share online)

LA 2.4.1.d Engage in activities with learners from a variety of cultures through electronic means (e.g., podcasts, video chats, distance learning, e-pals)

LA 2.4.1.e Gather and share information and opinions as a result of communication with others (e.g., video/audio chat, interview, podcast, multi-media presentations)

LA 2.4.1.f Use social networks and information tools to gather and share information (e.g., social bookmarking, online collaborative tools)