Fifth Grade – Language Arts


WORD ANALYSISStudents will use knowledge of phonetic and structural analysis to read, write, and spell grade level text.

LA 5.1.3.a Use knowledge of phonetic and structural analysis (e.g., Anglo-Saxon common roots and affixes, multiple syllable words)

  • Common roots HM: tele, rupt, sign, spect, graph, tract
  • Common Greek and Latin Roots (Vocab. Guide): astro, aud, dict, geo, meter, mit, ology, ped, phon, port, struct
  • Prefixes HM: sub-, sir-, un-, dis-, in-, re-, com-, con-, en-, ex-, pre-, pro-
  • Suffixes HM: -ward, -ous, -ive, -ic, -ly, -ness, -ment, -ful, -less, -ion, -ent, -ant, -able, -ible

FLUENCY – Students will read a variety of grade level texts fluently with accuracy, appropriate pace, phrasing, and expression.

LA 5.1.4.a Read phrases, clauses, and sentences that sound like natural language to support comprehension

LA 5.1.4.b Read words and phrases accurately and automatically

LA 5.1.4.c Recognize and practice elements of oral prosodic reading to reflect meaning of text (e.g., poem read slowly, conversational narrative, emphasis on key points of information)

LA 5.1.4.d Adjust oral or silent reading pace based on purpose, text difficulty, form, and style

LA 5.1.4.e Read grade level text with 94% accuracy and rate of 106-151 words correct per minute

VOCABULARY – Students will build literary, general academic, and content specific grade level vocabulary. (Indicators marked with * are tested on NeSA-R)

*LA 5.1.5.a Apply knowledge of word structure elements, known words, and word patterns to determine meaning (e.g., affixes (see word analysis), abbreviations, parts of speech [noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, word origins (see word analysis)

LA 5.1.5.b Relate new grade level vocabulary to prior knowledge and use in new situations

*LA 5.1.5.c Select and apply knowledge of context clues (e.g., word, phrase, sentence, and paragraph clues, re-reading) and text features (e.g., glossary, headings, subheadings, captions, maps) to determine meaning of unknown words in a variety of text structures

*LA 5.1.5.d Identify semantic relationships (e.g., multiple meanings, metaphors, similes, idioms, analogies)

LA 5.1.5.e Determine meaning using print and digital reference materials (e.g., dictionary, thesaurus, glossary)

COMPREHENSION Students will extract and construct meaning using prior knowledge, applying text information, and monitoring comprehension while reading grade level text. (Indicators marked with * are tested on NeSA-R)

*LA 5.1.6.a Identify author’s purpose(s) (e.g., explain, entertain, inform, persuade) and recognize how author perspective (e.g., beliefs, assumptions, biases) influences text

*LA 5.1.6.b Identify and analyze elements of narrative text (e.g., character development, setting, plot, theme)

*LA 5.1.6.c Summarize narrative text including characters, setting, plot, and theme with supporting details

*LA 5.1.6.d Identify literary devices and explain the ways in which language is used (e.g., simile, metaphor, alliteration, onomatopoeia, imagery, rhythm)

*LA 5.1.6.e Summarize and analyze the main idea from informational text using supporting details

*LA 5.1.6.f Understand and apply knowledge of organizational patterns found in informational text (e.g., sequence, description, cause and effect, compare/contrast, fact/opinion)

*LA 5.1.6.g Apply knowledge of text features to locate information and gain meaning from a text (e.g., index, maps, charts, tables, graphs, headings, subheadings)

*LA 5.1.6.h Describe the defining characteristics of narrative and informational genres (e.g., textbooks, myths, fantasies, science fiction, drama, periodicals, essays)

LA 5.1.6.i Recognize the social, historical, cultural, and biographical influences in a variety of genres

LA 5.1.6.j Use narrative and informational text to develop a national and global multicultural perspective

*LA 5.1.6.k Generate and/or answer literal, inferential, critical, and interpretive questions, supporting answers using prior knowledge and literal and inferential information from the text and additional sources

LA 5.1.6.l Select text for a particular purpose (e.g., information, pleasure, answer a specific question)

LA 5.1.6.m Build and activate prior knowledge in order to identify text to self, text to text, and text to world connections before, during, and after reading

LA 5.1.6.n Self-monitor comprehension by recognizing when meaning is disrupted and apply strategies to clarify, confirm, or correct

LA 5.1.6.o Use examples and details to make inferences or logical predictions while previewing and reading text

LA 5.1.6.p Respond to text verbally, in writing, or artistically


WRITING PROCESS – Students will apply the writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit and publish writing using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and other standard conventions appropriate for grade level.

LA 5.2.1.a Use prewriting activities and inquiry tools to generate and organize information, guide writing, and answer questions (e.g., sketch, brainstorm, map, outline, diagram, free write, graphic organizer, digital idea mapping tool)

LA 5.2.1.b Generate a draft by:

  • Selecting and organizing ideas relevant to topic, purpose, and genre
  • Composing paragraphs with simple and compound sentences of varying length, and complexity, and type (e.g., declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative)
  • Developing details and transitional phrases that link one paragraph to another

LA 5.2.1.c Revise to improve writing (e.g., quality of ideas, organization, sentence fluency, word choice, voice)

LA 5.2.1.d Provide oral, written, and/or electronic feedback to other writers; utilize others’ feedback to improve own writing

LA 5.2.1.e Edit writing for format and conventions (e.g., spelling, capitalization, grammar, punctuation)

LA 5.2.1.f Publish a legible document (e.g. report, digital story) applying formatting techniques (e.g., indenting paragraphs, titles)

WRITING GENRES –Students will write for a variety of purposes and audiences in multiple genres.

LA 5.2.2.a Write in a selected genre considering purpose (e.g., inform, entertain, persuade, instruct)

LA 5.2.2.b Write to a specified audience considering interests, background knowledge, and expectations (e.g., known or unknown individual, business, organization)

LA 5.2.2.c Write considering tone/voice and typical characteristics of a selected genre (e.g., memoir, descriptive paragraph, personal essay, research report)

LA 5.2.2.d Select and apply an organizational structure appropriate to the task (e.g., logical, sequential order, description)

LA 5.2.2.e Analyze models and examples (own and others’) of various genres to create a similar piece


SPEAKING SKILLS – Students will develop and apply speaking skills to communicate key ideas in a variety of situations.

LA 5.3.1.a Communicate ideas and information in a manner appropriate for the purpose and setting

LA 5.3.1.b Demonstrate speaking techniques for a variety of purposes and situations

LA 5.3.1.c Utilize available media to enhance communication (e.g., projection system, presentation software)

LISTENING SKILLS – Students will develop and apply active listening skills across a variety of situations.

LA 5.3.2.a Demonstrate listening skills needed for multiple situations and modalities (e.g., video, audio, distance, one-to-one, group)

LA 5.3.2.b Listen and ask questions to clarify, and take notes to ensure accuracy of information

LA 5.3.2.c Listen to, summarize and interpret message and purpose of information being communicated

RECIPROCAL COMMUNICATION Students will develop and apply reciprocal communication skills.

LA 5.3.3.a Demonstrate sensitivity to the use of words in general as well as to a particular audience (e.g., stereotypes, connotations, subtleties of language)

LA 5.3.3.b Apply conversation strategies (e.g., face the speaker, listen while others are talking, gain the floor, eye contact, tone, stay on topic, non-verbal cues)

LA 5.3.3.c Interact and collaborate with others in learning situations by contributing questions, information, opinions, and ideas using a variety of media and formats

MULTIPLE LITERACIES – Students will research, synthesize, evaluate and communicate information in a variety of media and formats (textual, visual, and digital).

LA 5.4.1.a Select and use multiple resources to generate and answer questions (e.g., print, subscription databases, web resources)

LA 5.4.1.b Demonstrate ethical and legal use of information by citing sources using a prescribed format (e.g., creating a simplified citation of information used)

LA 5.4.1.c Practice safe and ethical behaviors when communicating and interacting with others (e.g., safe information to share online, appropriate language use, utilizing appropriate sites and materials, respecting diverse perspectives)

LA 5.4.1.d Engage in activities with learners from a variety of cultures through electronic means (e.g., podcasts, video chats, distance learning)

LA 5.4.1.e Evaluate the message for bias and commercialism (e.g., product placement, advertising, body image)

LA 5.4.1.f Gather and share information and opinions as a result of communication with others (e.g., video/audio chat, interview, podcast, multi-media presentations)

LA 5.4.1.g Use social networks and information tools to gather and share information (e.g., social bookmarking, online collaborative tools)