Fourth Grade – Language Arts


WORD ANALYSISStudents will use knowledge of phonetic and structuralanalysis to read, write, and spell grade level text.

LA 4.1.3.a Use advanced sound/spelling patterns (e.g., vowel variants, multi-syllable words) to read, write, and spell

LA 4.1.3.b Use word structure to read text (e.g., prefixes [re-, mis-, ex-, pre-, con-, com-, dis-, un-, re-], suffixes [-er, -or, -ist, -able, -ible, -ful, -less, -ment, -ly, -ly, -ness, -ion], compound words, contractions, syllabication rules [VCV, VCCV], derivation)

FLUENCYStudents will read a variety of grade level texts fluently with accuracy, appropriate pace, phrasing, and expression.

LA 4.1.4.a Read phrases, clauses, and sentences that sound like natural language to support comprehension

LA 4.1.4.b Read words and phrases accurately and automatically

LA 4.1.4.c Demonstrate conversational tone (e.g., volume, pitch) and use of punctuation to reflect meaning of text

LA 4.1.4.d Adjust oral or silent reading pace based on purpose, text difficulty, form, and style

LA 4.1.4e Read grade level text with 94% accuracy or better and a rate of 99-145 words correct per minute

VOCABULARYStudents will build literary, general academic, and content specific grade level vocabulary. (Indicators marked with * are tested on NeSA-R)

*LA 4.1.5.a Apply knowledge of word structure elements, known words, and word patterns to determine meaning (e.g., parts of speech [noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb] plurals, possessives, suffixes, prefixes, base and root words)

LA 4.1.5.b Relate new grade level vocabulary to prior knowledge and use in new situations

*LA 4.1.5.c Apply context clues (e.g., word, phrase, sentence, and paragraph clues, rereading) and text features (e.g., glossary, headings, subheadings, captions) to infer meaning of unknown words

*LA 4.1.5.d Identify semantic relationships (e.g., patterns and categories, homographs, homophones, synonyms, antonyms, multiple meanings)

LA 4.1.5.e Determine meaning using print and digital reference materials (e.g., dictionary, thesaurus, glossary)

COMPREHENSIONStudents will extract and construct meaning using prior knowledge, applying text information, and monitoring comprehension while reading grade level text. (Indicators marked with * are tested on NeSA-R)

*LA 4.1.6.a Identify author’s purpose(s) (e.g., explain, entertain, inform, persuade) and recognize how author perspective (e.g., beliefs, assumptions, biases) influences text

*LA 4.1.6.b Identify and analyze elements of narrative text (e.g., character development, setting, plot, theme)

*LA 4.1.6.c Summarize narrative text including characters, setting, and plot with supporting details

*LA 4.1.6.d Identify literary devices and explain the ways in which language is used (e.g., simile, metaphor, alliteration, onomatopoeia, imagery, rhythm)

*LA 4.1.6.e Retell and summarize the main idea from informational text using supporting details

*LA 4.1.6.f Recognize and apply knowledge of organizational patterns found in informational text (e.g., sequence, description, cause and effect, compare/contrast, fact/opinion)

*LA 4.1.6.g Apply knowledge of text features to locate information and gain meaning from a text (e.g., glossary, maps, charts, tables, graphs, illustrations, headings, subheadings, captions, font/format styles)

*LA 4.1.6.h Describe the defining characteristics of narrative and informational genres (e.g., folk tales, poetry, historical fiction, biographies, chapter books, textbooks)

LA 4.1.6.i Use narrative or informational text to develop a multi-cultural perspective

*LA 4.1.6.j Generate and/or answer literal, inferential, critical, and interpretive questions, supporting answers using prior knowledge and literal and inferential information from the text

LA 4.1.6.k Identify and explain purpose for reading (e.g., information, pleasure, understanding)

LA 4.1.6.l Build and activate prior knowledge in order to identify text to self, text to text, and text to world connections before, during, and after reading

LA 4.1.6.m Self-monitor comprehension by recognizing when meaning is disrupted and apply strategies to clarify, confirm, or correct

LA 4.1.6.n Make and confirm/modify predictions before, during, and after reading (e.g., title, topic sentences, font, key words, foreshadowing clues)

LA 4.1.6.o Use examples and details in a text to make inferences about a story or situation

LA 4.1.6.p Respond to text verbally, in writing, or artistically


WRITING PROCESS – Students will apply the writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit and publish writing using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and other standard conventions appropriate for grade level.

LA 4.2.1.a Use prewriting activities and inquiry tools to generate and organize information, guide writing and answer questions (e.g., sketch, brainstorm, diagram, free write, graphic organizer, digital idea mapping tool, word processing tools, multimedia)

LA 4.2.1.b Generate a draft by:                                                                                          

  • Selecting and organizing ideas relevant to topic, purpose, and genre
  • Composing paragraphs with grammatically correct sentences of varying length, and complexity, and type (e.g., declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative)
  • Developing introductory and concluding paragraphs

LA 4.2.1.c Revise to improve writing (e.g., quality of ideas, organization, sentence  fluency, word choice, voice)

LA 4.2.1.d Provide oral, written, and/or electronic feedback to other writers; utilize others’ feedback to improve own writing

LA 4.2.1.e Edit writing for format and conventions (e.g., spelling, capitalization, grammar, punctuation)

LA 4.2.1.f Publish a legible document (e.g., handwritten or electronic)

WRITING GENRESStudents will write for a variety of purposes and audiences in multiple genres.

LA 4.2.2.a Write in a selected genre considering purpose (e.g., inform, entertain, persuade, instruct)

LA 4.2.2.b Write considering audience and what the reader needs to know; select words and format with audience in mind

LA 4.2.2.c Write considering tone/voice and typical characteristics of a selected genre (e.g., Personal narrative, description, persuasive essay, biography)

LA 4.2.2.d Select and apply an organizational structure appropriate to the task (e.g., logical, sequential order)

LA 4.2.2.e Analyze models and examples (own and others) of various genres to create a similar piece


SPEAKING SKILLS Students will develop and apply speaking skills to communicate key ideas in a variety of situations.

LA 4.3.1.a Communicate ideas and information in a clear and concise manner appropriate to the purpose and setting

LA 4.3.1.b Demonstrate speaking techniques for a variety of purposes and situations

LA 4.3.1.c Utilize available media to enhance communication(e.g., presentation software, poster)

LISTENING SKILLS – Students will develop and apply active listening skills across a variety of situations.

LA 4.3.2.a Demonstrate listening skills needed for multiple situations and modalities (e.g., electronic, one-to-one, small/large group, presentation)

LA 4.3.2.b Listen, ask questions to clarify, and take notes to ensure accuracy of information

LA 4.3.2.c Listen to, summarize, and explain thoughts, ideas, and information being communicated

RECIPROCAL COMMUNICATIONStudents will develop and apply reciprocal communication skills.

LA 4.3.3.a Demonstrate sensitivity to the use of words (e.g., stereotypes, multiple meanings of words)

LA 4.3.3.b Apply conversation strategies (e.g., face the speaker, listen while others are talking, gain the floor, take turns talking, eye contact, tone, stay on topic, non-verbal cues)

LA 4.3.3.c Interact and collaborate with others in learning situations by contributing questions, information, opinions, and ideas using a variety of media and formats

MULTIPLE LITERACIES Students will research, synthesize, and communicate information in a variety of media and formats (textual, visual, and digital).

LA 4.4.1.a Select and use multiple resources to answer guiding questions (e.g., print, subscription databases, web resources)

LA 4.4.1.b Demonstrate ethical and legal use of information by citing sources using a prescribed format (e.g., creating a simplified citation of information used)

LA 4.4.1.c Practice safe and ethical behaviors when communicating and interacting with others (e.g., safe information to share online, appropriate language use, utilizing appropriate sites and materials, respecting diverse perspectives)

LA 4.4.1.d Engage in activities with learners from a variety of cultures through electronic means (e.g., podcasts, video chats, distance learning, e-pals)

LA 4.4.1.e Identify bias and commercialism (e.g., product placement, advertising)

LA 4.4.1.f Gather and share information and opinions as a result of communication with others (e.g., video/audio chat, interview, podcast, multi-media presentations)

LA 4.4.1.g Use social networks and information tools to gather and share information (e.g., social bookmarking, online collaborative tools)