Fourth Grade – Social Studies

4.0.1  Education was different in the past than it is today.

  • Farm and town children were taught in one-room schools 3-6 months each year
  • Schools were strict for all ages of students who attended classes in one room.

4.1 Nebraska on the Map

4.1.1 Nebraska’s history can be explored through symbols and documents.

  • Studying history is important

4.1.2  Nebraska has a place on the map.

  • Nebraska is in the western hemisphere
  • Nebraska is in the northern hemisphere
  • Nebraska is in the middle of North America

4.1.3  Nebraska has a place in America’s regions

  • Why are there 5 regions?
  • Regions are composed of states with capitals.
  • Each region has unique characteristics:  geography, climate, food sources; plants and animals; people and culture; landmarks.

4.1.4  Nebraska’s land, water, wind and weather affect our natural resources and regions.

  • Nebraska is more than flat land
  • Nebraska has renewable resources
  • Nebraska has distinct land regions
  • Nebraska regions support wildlife

4.2  First Nebraskans and European Encounters Open the West

4.2.1  First Nebraskans included nomadic tribes and farming tribes.

  • Eastern land was appropriate for farming western land was appropriate for nomadic hunting.

4.2.2 Native peoples established nations with distinct histories and cultures.
  • Significant ceremonies of nations
  • Where nations were located
  • Storytelling as a way to maintain culture

4.2.3 Native American history and culture was changed by contact with Europeans

  • European explorers came to Nebraska to claim land and resources. (Search-Lewis and Clark)

4.2.4 Trails and settlements followed water routes  (Oregon Trail landmark tour)  (Oregon Trail Simulation) (original Oregon Trail Game)
  • Major rivers and terrain determined trail paths and settlement sites.
  • Motivation varied (Oregon=land, California=gold, Mormon=religious freedom)

4.3  Nebraska Settlement and Displacement

4.3.1 Nebraska became a free (non-slave) territory as voted by the settlers.

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act  (Search - KS/NE act, underground railroad)
  • Slave state vs. Free state

4.3.2  The settlers needed services, transportation, communication and access to goods
  • Business opportunity
  • Transportation and communication impacted growth of Nebraska as a territory.
  • Transcontinental railroad impact

4.3.3   A variety of people who wanted land settled in Nebraska

  • The Homestead Act provided free land
  • Civil War soldiers, immigrants, African American settlers, Easterners, all traveled to settle in Nebraska.
  • Settlers in Nebraska adapted to life on the plains.
  • Native Americans lost land to the U.S. government.

4.3.4  All Native American Nations were forced from their homelands to live on reservations

4.3.5  Life was challenging for Native Americans.
  • Reservation life was difficult due to little money or job training.
  • The U.S. government boarding schools forced native children to adapt to white culture.

4.4  Establishing Nebraska as a State

4.4.1  Lincoln is chosen as state capital

  • There have been 3 capitol buildings in Nebraska’s history

4.4.2  Range wars resulted from competing land needs

  • Ranchers and farmers faced hardships and competed for land and resources.
  • Herds of cattle were driven north from Texas (development of cowboy culture)

4.4.3  Nebraska’s role as a modern state impacted U.S. History

  • The Populist Party became a strong voice in state and national politics.
  • The Chautauqua Movement helped spread culture and political debate.
  • The Trans-Mississippi Exposition showcased Nebraska as a modern state.

4.4.4  Many Nebraskans have impacted United States history in a variety of ways.

  • Notable Nebraskans include men and women from diverse cultural groups who have impacted our lives through inventions, discoveries, performing arts and service to their country.

4.4.5  Agribusiness is important in Nebraska.

  • Nebraskans have many different jobs.
  • Nebraska has a role in the world’s economy.