Student participation and communication (math talk) are integral to students’ learning of math concepts. Many students, ELL and non-ELL alike, often have trouble finding the words to accurately express their thinking in math.
Providing sentences frames allows all students to:
- fully participate in math discussions.
- contextualize and bring meaning to vocabulary.
- use the vocabulary they learn in grammatically correct and complete sentences.
See examples of sentence frames.
Students also need opportunities to practice verbalizing the language of math. It is very difficult for ELLs to feel comfortable using new language in whole group settings without first having the opportunity to practice that language. Allowing time for partner talk or small group discussions provides students a safe setting to practice that new language.
See video of students in cooperative groups.