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Reading

Lincoln Public School’s reading program is Wonders by McGraw-Hill.  There are six units, and each unit consists of six weeks.  Skills are taught through an anthology.  Along with the anthology, we will have two literature groups each unit.  The skills listed for each unit follow.

Unit 1 -Think it Through

The Big Idea:  How can changes transform the way people look at the world?

 

Week 1 – Perspectives

Essential Question – How do new experiences offer new perspectives?

Stories: “Cow Music,”  “Little Blog on the Prairie,” & “The Writing on the Wall.”

Genre: Realistic Fiction

Comprehension Strategy – Visualize

Comprehension Skills: Character, Setting, Plot:  Compare & Contrast

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Sentence Clues

Grammar: Sentence Types and Fragments

Vocabulary: consolation, glimmer, heinous, indispensable, perception, phobic, sarcastic, threshold

 

Week 2 – Alliances

Essential Question – Why do people form alliances?

Stories: “Drumbeat of Freedom,” “The Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. Figg,” & “Enough.”

Genre: Historical Fiction

Comprehension Strategy: Visualize

Comprehension Skills: Character, Setting, Plot: Sequencing

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues

Grammar:  Subjects and Predicates

Vocabulary: adversity, alliance, confinement, inflicted, reminisce, retrieved, smuggle, spindly

 

Week 3 – Environments

Essential Question – How do life forms vary in different environments?

Stories: “The Secret World of Caves,”  “Journey into the Deep,” & “Extreme Exploration: An Interview with Dr. Eva Ramirez-Llodra.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Reread

Comprehension Skills: Main Idea and Key Details

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Greek Roots

Grammar: Sentence Combining

Vocabulary: classification, compartment, engulfs, flanked, maneuvering, obscure, species, submerged

 

Week 4 – Dynamic Earth

Essential Question – How do natural forces affect Earth?

Stories: “The Monster in the Mountain,”  “Into the Volcano,”  & “Donna O’Meara: The Volcano Lady.”

Genre: Narrative Nonfiction

Comprehension Strategy: Reread

Comprehension Skills: Main Idea and Key Details

Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative Language:  Metaphor & Similes

Grammar: Clauses and Complex Sentences

Vocabulary: cascaded, documentation, dynamic, exerts, plummeting, pulverize, scalding, shards

 

Week 5 – Using Money

Essential Question – What factors influence how people use money?

Stories: “Making Money: A Story of Change,” “The Economic Roller Coaster,” & “Our Federal Reserve at Work.”

Genre: Informational Article – Expository

Comprehension Strategy: Reread

Comprehension Skill: Author’s Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Root Words

Grammar: Run-On sentences & Common Splices

Vocabulary: available, basically, factors, fluctuate, formula, inventory, manufactured, salaries

 

Week 6  – Review and Assess

Essential Question:  How can changes transform the way people look at the world?

Unit 1 Assessment – Two sessions

 

Unit 2 – Excursions Across Time

Essential Question – What can we gain from reading about past civilization?

 

Week 1 – Contributions

Essential Question:  What contributions were made by early civilizations

Stories: “Empire of the Sea,” & “The Technology of Mesoptamia.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Ask & Answer Questions

Comprehension Skill: Text Structure:  Problem & Solution

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Latin Roots

Grammar: Kinds of Nouns

Vocabulary: artifact, communal, derived, inscription, millennium, stationary, utilize, yields

 

Week 2 – Democracy

Essential Question:  How did democracy develop?

Stories: “The Democracy Debate,” & “Who Created Democracy.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Ask & Answer Question

Comprehension Skill:  Text Structure: Compare & Contrast

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Greek and Latin Roots

Grammar: Singular & Plural Nouns

Vocabulary: aspiring, foundation, preceded, principal, promote, restrict, speculation, withstood

 

Week 3 – Ancient Societies

Essential Question:  What was life like for people in ancient cultures?

Stories: “Yaskul’s Mighty Trade,” & “Roman Diary.”

Genre: Historical Nonfiction

Comprehension Strategy: Make, Confirm, and Revise Predictions

Comprehension Skill: Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Relationships:  Connotations & Denotations

Grammar: More Plural Nouns

Vocabulary: alcove, commerce, domestic, exotic, fluent, stifling, upheaval, utmost

 

Week 4 – Influences

Essential Question:  What influences the development of a culture?

Stories: “Cusi’s Secret,” & “A Single Shard.”

Genre: Historical Fiction

Comprehension Strategy: Make, Confirm, Revise Predictions

Comprehension Skill: Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Greek and Latin Suffixes

Grammar: Possessive Nouns

Vocabulary: benefit, deftly, derision, eaves, expertise, impudence, legacy, symmetry

 

Week 5 – Past and Present

Essential Question – What can the past teach us?

Poems: “Ozymandis,” “Life Long Friends,” & “Majestic.”

Genre: Poetry

Comprehension Strategy: Meter and Rhyme

Comprehension Skill: Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative Language

Grammar: Combining Sentences

Vocabulary: commemorate, contemplate, forlorn, majestic, lyric poetry, rhyme scheme, sonnet, meter

 

Week 6 – Review and Assess

Essential Question:  What can we gain from reading about past civilizations?

Unit 2 Assessment – Two sessions

 

Unit 3 – Accomplishments

The Big Idea:  What does it take to accomplish a goal?

 

Week 1 – Common Ground

Essential Question:  What happens when people share ideas?

Stories: “Common Ground,” & “How Tia Lola Came to Stay.”

Genre: Realistic Fiction

Comprehension Strategy: Make, Confirm, Revise Predictions

Comprehension Skills: Theme

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Syntactic Clues

Grammar: Action Verbs; Direct/Indirect Objects

Vocabulary: capacity, enthralled, fallow, insight, negotiate, regulation, resemblance, unseemly

 

Week 2 – Transformations

Essential Question:  What kinds of challenges transform people?

Stories: “Facing the Storm,” & “Lizzie Bright & the Buckminster Boy,”

Genre: Realistic Fiction

Comprehension Strategy: Make, Confirm, Revise Predictions

Comprehension Skills: Theme

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Paragraph Clues

Grammar: Subject-Verb Agreement

Vocabulary: dilemma, feebly, persistent, recoiled, roused, skewed, summon, vastness

 

Week 3 – Inspiration

Essential Question:  What can people accomplish by working together?

Stories: “Jewels from the Sea, “ & “The Pot that Juan Built,”

Genre: Narrative Nonfiction

Comprehension Strategy: Summarize

Comprehension Skill: Text Structure:  Sequence

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:Prefixes and Suffixes

Grammar: Main and Helping Verbs

Vocabulary: abundant, impoverished, ingenuity, productivity, sharecropper, solitude, unearthed, windswept

 

Week 4 – Milestones

Essential Question:  How can one person affect the opinions of others?

Stories: “Marian Anderson: Struggles and Triumphs,” & “Major Taylor.”

Genre: Biography

Comprehension Strategy: Summarize

Comprehension Skill: Text Structure:  Cause & Effect

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Paragraph Clues

Grammar: Linking Verbs

Vocabulary: adept, aristocracy, collective, perseverance, prevail, prominent, spectators, trailblazer

 

Week 5 – A Greener Future

Essential Question:  What steps can people take to promote a healthier environment?

Stories: “Is your City Green?” & “Stewards of the Environment.”

Genre: Informational Article – Expository

Comprehension Strategy: Ask & Answer Questions

Comprehension Skill: Main Idea & Key Details

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Synonyms & Antonyms

Grammar: Irregular Verbs

Vocabulary: advocates, commonplace, designate, initial, insulation, invasive, irrational, optimal

 

Week 6 – Review and Assess

Essential Question:  What does it take to accomplish  a goal?

Unit 3 Assessment – Two sessions

 

Unit 4 – Challenges

The Big Idea:  How do people meet challenges and solve problems?

 

Week 1 – Changing Environments

Essential Question:  How do people meet environmental challenges?

Stories: “The Day the Dam Broke,” & “Years of Dust.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Reread

Comprehension Skill: Author’s Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Paragraph Clues

Grammar: Pronouns & Antecedents

Vocabulary: alignment, calamity, eclipse, generated, inconvenience, periodic, prolonged, tenacity

 

Week 2 – Overcoming Challenges

Essential Question:  Why do people meet personal challenges?

Stories: “She Had to Walk,” & “Seeing Things His Own Way.”

Genre: Biography

Comprehension Strategy: Reread

Comprehension Skill: Author’s Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Idioms

Grammar: Kinds of Pronouns

Vocabulary: assess, compensate, deteriorated, devastating, implement, peripheral, potential, summit

 

Week 3 – Standing Tall

Essential Questions:  When are decisions hard to make?

Stories: “Treasure in the Attic,” & The Case of the Magic Marker Mischief Maker.”

Genre: Drama

Comprehension Strategy: Summarize

Comprehension Skill: Theme

Vocabulary Strategy: Homophones

Grammar: Use of Possessive Pronouns

Vocabulary: benefactor, empathy, endeavor, entail, extensive, indecision, multitude, tentatively

 

Week 4 – Shared Experiences

Essential Question:  How do people uncover what they have in common?

Stories: “My Visit to Arizona,” & “Home of the Brave.”

Genre: Realistic Fiction Written in Free Verse

Comprehension Strategy: Summarize

Comprehension Skill: Theme

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Homographs

Grammar: Pronoun – Pronoun – Verb Agreement

Vocabulary: adjustment, chattering, ember, mentor, nomadic, rapport, reunites, sturdy

 

Week 5 – Taking Responsibility

Essential Question:  How can we take responsibility?

Stories: “Hey Nilda, Hi Rachel,” & “This is Just to Say.”

Genre: Poetry

Comprehension Strategy: Ask and Answer Questions

Comprehension Skill: Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative Language:  Idioms

Grammar: More Pronouns

Vocabulary: answerable, lounge, obligation, proportion, Free Verse, alliteration, Narrative Poem, Assonance

 

Week 6 – Review and Assess

Essential Question:  How do people meet challenges and solve problems?

Unit 4 Assessment – Two Sessions

 

Unit 5 – Figure it Out

The Big Idea:  How can discoveries open new possibilities?

 

Week 1 – Myths

Essential Question:  Why do people tell and retell myths?

Stories: “Thunder Helper,” “The Hero and the Minotaur,” & “The Amazing Tale of Theseus and the Minotaur.”

Genre: Myth

Comprehension Strategy:  Make, Confirm, and Revise Predictions

Comprehension Skill: Character, Setting, Plot:  Problem and Solution

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Word Origins

Grammar: Adjectives

Vocabulary: audacity, deception, desolate, exploits, oblivious, somber, steadfast, valiant

 

Week 2 – Personal Strengths

Essential Question:  How do people show inner strength?

Stories: “Journey to Freedom,” & “The People Could Fly.”

Genre: Historical Fiction

Comprehension Strategy:  Make, Confirm, and Revise Predictions

Comprehension Skill: Character, Setting, Plot:  Cause and Effect

Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative Language:  Adages & Proverbs

Grammar: Articles & Demonstrative Adjectives

Vocabulary: disposed, eavesdropping, fortitude, infinite, retaliation, rigors, stoop, undaunted

 

Week 3 – Innovations

Essential Question:  How do people benefit from innovation?

Stories: “The Science of Silk,” “Before Columbus,” & “Looking Back to Move Forward.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Reread

Comprehension Skill:  Text Structure:  Cause and Effect

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Cause and Effect

Grammar: Adjectives that compare

Vocabulary: industrial, inefficient, manipulation, modification, mutated, nutrients, sparse, surplus

 

Week 4 – Breakthroughs

Essential Question:  Who does technology lead to discoveries?

Stories: “Light Detectives, “ Planet Hunter,” & “Excursion to Mars.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Reread

Comprehension Skill: Text Structure:  Sequence of Events

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Definitions and Restatements

Grammar: Comparing with More and Most

Vocabulary: colleagues, conservatively, deduction, drones, galaxy, sustain, ultimately, verify

 

Week 5 – Exploration

Essential Question:  Who have tools used for exploration evolved over time?

Stories: “Tools of the Explorer’s Trade,” & “Space Shuttles on the Move.”

Genre: Informational Article – Expository

Comprehension Strategy: Summarize

Comprehension Skill: Author’s Point of View

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Relations:  Connotations & Denotations

Grammar: Comparing with Good and Bad

Vocabulary: application, catastrophe, computations, deployed, elevating, magnetic, obsolete, subsequently

 

Week 6 – NeSA

Essential Question:  How can discoveries open new possibilities

Unit 5 Assessment – NeSA will replace Unit 5 Assessement

 

Unit 6 – Taking Action

The Big Idea:  When is it important to take action?

 

Week 1 – Resources

Essential Question:  How have pe0ple used natural resources?

Stories: “The Fortunes of Fragrance,” “The Story of Salt,” & “The Not So Golden Touch.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Skills: Ask and Answer Questions

Comprehension Strategy: Main Idea and Key Details

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Latin Roots

Grammar: Adverbs

Vocabulary: commodity, distribution, dominant, edible, impenetrable, ornate, replenished, significant

 

Week 2 – Witnesses

Essential Question:  How do we learn about historical events?

Stories: “The Great Fire,”& “The Great Fire.”

Genre: Narrative Nonfiction

Comprehension Strategy: Ask and Answer Questions

Comprehension Skill: Text Structure:  Cause and Effect

Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative Language:  Adages and Proverbs

Grammar: Adverbs that Compare

Vocabulary: agitated, crucial futile, populous, presumed, smoldering, undiminished, urgency

 

Week 3 – Investigations

Essential Question:  How can a scientific investigation be an adventure?

Stories: “Researcher to the Rescue,” “Extreme Scientist,” & “Making the Scientific Method Work for You.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Summarize

Comprehension Skill: Main Idea and Key Details

Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues:  Comparisons

Grammar: Negatives

Vocabulary: alternative, correspond, extract, foliage, hypothesis, protein, resilient, saturated

 

Week 4 – Extraordinary

Essential Question:  What has been the role of money over time?

Stories: “Messages in stone and Wood,” “Pharaoh’s Boat,” & “The Mystery of the Missing Sandals.”

Genre: Expository Text

Comprehension Strategy: Summarize

Comprehension Skill:  Text Structure:  Sequence

Vocabulary Strategy: Word Parts:  Greek Roots

Grammar: Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases

Vocabulary: bedrock, embark, excavation, exquisite, intriguing, intrinsic, methodical, meticulously

 

Week 5 – Taking a Break

Essential Question:  Why is taking a break important?

Stories: “How Many Seconds,” “An Ode to the World,” & Assorted Poems

Genre: Lyric Poetry and Odes

Skills: Theme

Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative Language – Hyperbole

Grammar: Sentence combining

Vocabulary: horizons, incentive, recreation, unfettered, ode, repetition, imagery, hyperbole

 

Week 6 – Review and Assess

Essential Question:  Who can you build on what came before?

Unit 6 Assessment – Two sessions