FOR WORLD LANGUAGE CLASSES
1. Keep a binder/notebook with separate divisions for grammar, vocabulary, verbs and historical/cultural information (or however your teacher asks you to divide it up).
2. Keep everything! Save old materials, especially reference materials.
3. Maintain a personal vocabulary list/notebook.
4. Use your daily planner
1. Make flash cards with Spanish on one side and English on the other side.
2. Write a word with a drawing or symbol on one side of a card, and write a synonym or definition on the other.
3. Create vocabulary study sheets by folding a sheet of paper and writing the English equivalent on one side and the word in Spanish on the other side.
4. Practice nightly (at least 5-6 days a week).
5. Look for cognates and patterns.
6. Write the new vocabulary or verb tense repetitively until you remember.
7. “Chunk” words together that have something in common (i.e. masculine/feminine).
8. Use grammar shortcuts, memnomics, etc. (How you feel and where you are always use the verb Estar.)
9. Make associations with the words (example: billet/bolet=ticket, so think “ballet ticket”).
IN THE CLASSROOM
1. Relax. Try. Don’t be embarrassed. Don’t get discouraged.
2. Use the words you do know.
3. Keep up! Don’t fall behind!
4. Speak daily. Practice makes Better!
5. Repeat words. Practice new, strange sounds.
6. Act a little. Exaggerate your pronunciation while speaking!
7. Ask questions. Ask questions. Ask questions. Again, don’t be embarrassed.
8. Memorize a few classroom phrases immediately.
9. Listen for cognates.
10. Mimic/copy others. Watch what others are doing and follow along.
11. Learn to use the dictionary correctly.
12. Don’t translate word for word.
13. Learn the alphabet and the phonetic sounds in the target language.
14. Take notes, even if “it’s in the book”.
15. Make an outline for a quiz or test while the teacher is reviewing.
STUDY AT HOME
1. Practice with a parent or classmate.
2. Study out loud in front of a mirror.
3. Record yourself speaking/studying.
4. Find a quiet place without distractions.
5. Practice nightly. Don’t cram.
6. Outline what’s in the book. Pay attention to things in bold, boxes, etc.
7. Go through the chapter or lesson and think up possible questions or use the study guides at the end of the chapter.
8. Review flash cards or the day’s lesson for fifteen minutes every evening.
9. If you need to listen to music, choose soft, wordless music to avoid distraction.
MAKING UP WORK
1. Check the assignment folder/web page, check with a classmate AND then with your teacher after you’ve missed class time.
2. Set a due date with the teacher for the work and follow through.
1. Look for patterns and cognates.
2. Learn to use a dictionary.
3. Double check spelling.
4. Avoid translating English idioms and colloquialisms (phrases that don’t translate directly), as well as slang into the other language.
5. Do not write in English and then translate into the language of study; think and write in the target language.
6. Do not use a web page translator. This is considered plagiarism, as it isn’t your original work. Plus, many of the phrases don’t translate to the same meaning.
1. Guess the meanings of words from the context – you don’t need to know/look up every word. Again, be careful when translating. Do not take every word literally!
2. Take notes on what you’ve read. Summarize each paragraph in one sentence.
3. Use reading tips learned in English/Reading classes.
TEST TAKING STRATEGIES
1. Come well-rested and prepared.
2. Do not cram right before the test; you will likely become more confused.
3. Study (at least) two nights before the exam, review the evening before the exam and then briefly review the morning of the exam.
4. Look over the test before you begin, so that you know what to expect.
6. Budget your time.
7. Read the directions. Read them again.
8. Listen for special instructions.
9. Read a question first, read the selection, look for key words and guess the meaning of the words you don’t know.
10. Think about how many points an essay question is worth to determine how much to write. (Example: a 10 point essay question might include 5 complete sentences, worth 2 points each.)
11. Answer the questions you know first. Then go back and try to answer the remaining questions.
12. Never leave an answer blank – a guess is better than nothing.
13. Review the test afterwards before you hand it in.